On The Beach: Dora Maar, Nusch Éluard, Pablo Picasso and Paul Éluard (1937)

Photograph of Dora Maar, Nusch ?luard, Pablo Picasso and Paul ?luard on the beach September 1937 by Eileen Agar 1899-1991

Dora Maar, Nusch Éluard, Pablo Picasso and Paul Éluard on the beach by Eileen Agar, September 1937 via

Photograph of Dora Maar and Pablo Picasso on the beach September 1937 by Eileen Agar 1899-1991

Dora Maar, Nusch Éluard, Pablo Picasso and Paul Éluard on the beach by Eileen Agar, September 1937 via

Advertisements

Amazing Photographic Portraits of Dora Maar by Man Ray (1936)

Dora Maar (1907 – 1997) was a French photographer, painter, and poet. She was a lover and muse of Pablo Picasso.

dora-maar

Portrait of Dora Maar by Man Ray, 1936 via

dora-maar2

Portrait of Dora Maar by Man Ray, 1936 via

dora-maar3

Portrait of Dora Maar by Man Ray, 1936 via

dora-maar4

Portrait of Dora Maar by Man Ray, 1936 via

Surrealist Muse Nusch Éluard – Photos by Dora Maar

Nusch Éluard (born Maria Benzn; 1906 – 1946) was a French performer, model and surrealist artist.

Born in Mulhouse (then part of the German Empire), she met Swiss architect and artist Max Bill in the Odeon Café in Zurich; he nicknamed her “Nusch”, a name she would stick to.

She moved to Paris in 1928 working as a stage performer, variously described as a small-time actress, a traveling acrobat, and a “hypnotist‘s stooge”. in In 1930 she met the poet Paul Éluard working as a model. They married him in 1934. She produced surrealist photomontage and other work, and is the subject of “Facile,” a collection of Éluard’s poetry published as a photogravure book, illustrated with Man Ray’s nude photographs of her.

She was also the subject of several cubist portraits and sketches by Pablo Picasso in the late 1930s, and is said to have had an affair with him. Nusch worked for the French Resistance during the Nazi occupation of France during World War II. She died in 1946 in Paris, collapsing in the street due to a massive stroke.

Dora Maar – Nusch Eluard, c. 1935

maarel1

Nusch Eluard (couchée à plat ventre sur la plage), 1936-37 Photo by Dora Maar ©

013_dora-maar_theredlist

Dora Maar, Nusch Eluard, 1935

Jacqueline Lamba – Surrealist French Artist and Painter

Jacqueline Lamba (1910 – 1993) was a French painter who participated in the Surrealist Movement between 1934-1947. Very few of Jacqueline Lamba’s surrealist works have survived to this day. They are mainly objects, collage and collective drawings, in which appears the abstract tendency of all her later work.

After studying art during the 1920s Lamba, lost her mother to TB. She then decides to earn her own living. She becomes a French teacher in Cardiff, in Greece, works as a interior decorator in the Trois Quartiers Parisian store, and at night she is a water-dancer at the Coliseum, a cabaret in Pigalle.

On August 14th 1934 she married André Breton, after having met each other the same year. Alberto Giacometti is the bride’s witness, Paul Eluard the poet’s, and Man Ray is the photographer. Jacqueline, who had already published experimental photographs in the ‘Du Cinéma’ review, takes part in the meetings and exhibitions of the surrealist group, with small works, transfers, watercolours, surrealist objects and collective works.

With Breton she had a daughter, Aube Elléouët Breton. She and Breton separated in 1943 and Lamba marries David Hare, an American sculptor. In April 1944 her first personal exhibition is organised.

After her son Merlin is born in New York 1958, her work changes: she breaks away from surrealism and even destroys some of her paintings. In 1955 she brakes up with David, and goes back to settle in Paris with her son in the Latin quarter.  It is a time of liberation and pictorial expression. She goes to the art classes of the Grande Chaumière, paints from still lives and models. She also takes part in a great number of collective exhibitions.

Jacqueline Lamba dies on July 20th 1993. On her tomb, in Saché (Indre-et-Loire), are engraved the following words: Jacqueline Lamba 1910-1993 the night of the sunflower.

lambaray

Jacqueline Lamba, 1930 by Man Ray

via

 tumblr

Breton, Rivera, Trotsky & Jacqueline Lamba

In 1938 Jacqueline goes to Mexico with Breton for a series of conferences;

there she meets Diego Rivera, Trotsky, and becomes friends with Frida Kahlo

via

 pinterest

kahlo

Lamba and Kahlo

via

tumblr

Lamba by Man Ray 1930s

via

 tumblr

Card by Lamba

via

jacqueline-lamba

Jacqueline Lamba by Rogi André via wordpress

https://i0.wp.com/www.venusveldhoen.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/tumblr_lmau1aadYH1qcl8ymo1_5001.jpg

Lamba via venusveldhoen

The “Astonishing Works” by 1930s Muse Dora Maar

The Surrealist photographer Dora Maar (1907-1997) is better known as Picasso’s dark-haired model, muse and companion in the late 1930s than for her astonishing works, although she was an artist in her own right and was a famous photographer before she met Picasso.

She was born Henriette Theodora Markovitch in Tours, Western France to a Jewish family. Her father, Josip Marković, was a Croat architect, famous for his work in South America; her mother, Julie Voisin, was from Touraine, France. Dora grew up in Argentina.

In 1927, Dora Maar had begun studying painting in Paris, but quickly switched to photography at the École de Photographie de la Ville de Paris. She supported herself in the 1920s and 1930s as a commercial photographer. While still in her twenties, she had managed to make a reputation in Paris for her fashion and advertising photographs. She then moved toward surrealism under the guidance of Paul Éluard, the poet, and Man Ray, the surrealist photographer. She was with Éluard at the Deux Magots café when Picasso noticed her and asked to be introduced. She was 29 years old and he 54.

Her first photography exhibition was at the Galerie de Beaune in Paris, in 1937. It has been said that Maar understood better than any artist of her time the naturalism of Surrealism. She knew that there was far more within every image, every person and place, than could possibly be described, that “interior vision” is more than matched by what is outside ourselves.

However, in the late 1930s she had a change of heart. She gave up on her photography entirely and returned to painting. This was at least partly because Picasso felt the former to be an inferior, or perhaps non-existent, art medium. Eventually Picasso left Dora Maar in the mid-1940s, for someone else. Their breakup left her in a severe depression, which followed a long reclusion that covered the last forty years of her life, until her death in 1997. She did continue to write poetry and to paint, and, in the 1980s, she revisited her photographic work.

The Years Lie in Wait for You (Dora Maar, 1936)

The Years Lie in Wait for You (Dora Maar, 1936)

Dora Maar

https://i2.wp.com/media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/74/b3/90/74b3905fa4fb0908b3937952da36008a.jpg

Leonor Fini 1936 photo by Dora Maar

Dora Maar, Double Portrait, 1930

Dora Maar, Sans Titre (Main-coquillage), 1934

© VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2011 © Kunstsammlung NRW

Man Ray (1890-1976) – Modernist Artist

Man Ray was one of the most famous and original artists of the 20th century; his importance and influence have many aspects. He revolutionised photography through his experiments and then popularised these through his work as a portrait and fashion photographer. Born Emmanuel Rudnitsky in Philadelphia, Man Ray studied painting in New York at the Ferrer Center and early developed an interest in European avant garde art. In 1915 he collaborated with Marcel Duchamp and Francis Picabia in founding the New York Dada movement. His interest in photography was stimulated through friendship with Alfred Stieglitz. Moving to Paris in 1921 he became one of the leading figures in the European Dadaist and Surrealist movements as a painter, sculptor, maker of objects, photographer, film-maker and writer. Man Ray is associated particularly with experiments in solarization and with the invention of ‘rayographs’, a form of camera-less photography. Iconic images such as Noire et Blanche, Le Violon d’Ingres and haunting portraits of his many friends and colleagues are now embedded within popular consciousness.

https://i2.wp.com/dessaignes.artsplastiques.perso.neuf.fr/Galerie/images/Man%20Ray%20Prou%20del%20Pilar%20dansant,%201934_jpg.jpg

Man Ray Prou del Pilar dansant, 1934

Woman with long hair by Man Ray, 1929

Man Ray Portraits: Barbette, 1926 by Man Ray

Barbette, 1926 by Man Ray

Noir et blanche 1926 by Man Ray

https://i0.wp.com/uploads1.wikipaintings.org/images/man-ray/dora-maar-1936.jpg

Dora Maar by Man Ray 1936

Click to view full size image

Man Ray

Rayograph by Man Ray, c. 1922

© 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York