On The Beach: Dora Maar, Nusch Éluard, Pablo Picasso and Paul Éluard (1937)

Photograph of Dora Maar, Nusch ?luard, Pablo Picasso and Paul ?luard on the beach September 1937 by Eileen Agar 1899-1991

Dora Maar, Nusch Éluard, Pablo Picasso and Paul Éluard on the beach by Eileen Agar, September 1937 via

Photograph of Dora Maar and Pablo Picasso on the beach September 1937 by Eileen Agar 1899-1991

Dora Maar, Nusch Éluard, Pablo Picasso and Paul Éluard on the beach by Eileen Agar, September 1937 via

Surrealist Muse Nusch Éluard – Photos by Man Ray

Nusch Éluard (born Maria Benzn; 1906 – 1946) was a French performer, model and surrealist artist.

Born in Mulhouse (then part of the German Empire), she met Swiss architect and artist Max Bill in the Odeon Café in Zurich; he nicknamed her “Nusch”, a name she would stick to.

She moved to Paris in 1928 working as a stage performer, variously described as a small-time actress, a traveling acrobat, and a “hypnotist‘s stooge”. in In 1930 she met the poet Paul Éluard working as a model. They married him in 1934. She produced surrealist photomontage and other work, and is the subject of “Facile,” a collection of Éluard’s poetry published as a photogravure book, illustrated with Man Ray’s nude photographs of her.

She was also the subject of several cubist portraits and sketches by Pablo Picasso in the late 1930s, and is said to have had an affair with him. Nusch worked for the French Resistance during the Nazi occupation of France during World War II. She died in 1946 in Paris, collapsing in the street due to a massive stroke.

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Nusch Éluard by Man Ray 1936

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Man Ray, Nusch au Miroir, 1935

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Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1934

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Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1936

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Surrealist Muse Nusch Éluard – Photos by Dora Maar

Nusch Éluard (born Maria Benzn; 1906 – 1946) was a French performer, model and surrealist artist.

Born in Mulhouse (then part of the German Empire), she met Swiss architect and artist Max Bill in the Odeon Café in Zurich; he nicknamed her “Nusch”, a name she would stick to.

She moved to Paris in 1928 working as a stage performer, variously described as a small-time actress, a traveling acrobat, and a “hypnotist‘s stooge”. in In 1930 she met the poet Paul Éluard working as a model. They married him in 1934. She produced surrealist photomontage and other work, and is the subject of “Facile,” a collection of Éluard’s poetry published as a photogravure book, illustrated with Man Ray’s nude photographs of her.

She was also the subject of several cubist portraits and sketches by Pablo Picasso in the late 1930s, and is said to have had an affair with him. Nusch worked for the French Resistance during the Nazi occupation of France during World War II. She died in 1946 in Paris, collapsing in the street due to a massive stroke.

Dora Maar – Nusch Eluard, c. 1935

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Nusch Eluard (couchée à plat ventre sur la plage), 1936-37 Photo by Dora Maar ©

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Dora Maar, Nusch Eluard, 1935