Mary Anderson as Galatea (1880s)

Mary Anderson was an American actress. In 1875, she made her first stage appearance at a benefit performance at Macauley’s Theatre in Louisville, Kentucky in the role of Shakespeare’s Juliet.

In 1883 she starred in an American production of W. S. Gilbert’s Pygmalion and Galatea, that is is a blank verse play by W. S. Gilbert in three acts based on the Pygmalion story. Pygmalion was a Cypriot sculptor who carved a woman out of ivory, his statue was so beautiful and realistic that he fell in love with it.

she went on the London stage at the Lyceum Theatre, remaining in England for six years to perform to much acclaim including at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in Stratford-on-Avon. Her first season there, she starred in Gilbert’s Comedy and Tragedy as well as in Romeo and Juliet in 1884. In 1887 in London she appeared in The Winter’s Tale in the double role of Perdita and Hermione (the first actress to include this innovation). This production ran to 160 performances, and was taken back to the United States.

 

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American actress Mary Anderson (1859-1940) as Galatea in W. S. Gilbert’s Pygmalion and Galatea. Photographed by Napoleon Sarony (1821-1896) via

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Mary Anderson (1897 – 1986) as Galatea. She was an American actress, who appeared in 77 silent films between 1914 and 1923. Photo by Henry van der Weyde (1838-1924) via

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Mary Anderson as Galatea, in “Pygmalion and Galatea”. Photo by Sarony via

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Mary Anderson as Galatea in Pygmalion and Galatea via

 

Claudia Cardinale in Venice (1967)

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Claudia Cardinale enjoying a boat ride in Venice, 1967. She was first discovered at the Venice Film Festival in 1957, during a trip that she had won from a beauty contest in which she was crowned “The Most Beautiful Italian Girl in Tunisia.” © Bettmann/CORBIS via

Lillian Russell as Patience (1882)

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Patience is a comic opera in two acts with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert. The opera is a satire on the aesthetic movement of the 1870s and ’80s in England and, more broadly, on fads, superficiality, vanity, hypocrisy and pretentiousness; it also satirizes romantic love, rural simplicity and military bluster. Photo: Lillian Russell as Patience at the Bijou Opera House in New York, 1882 via

Victorian Photogravures of English actress Ellen Terry (1887)

Dame Alice Ellen Terry, GBE (1847 – 1928), known professionally as Ellen Terry, was an English actress who became the leading Shakespearean actress in Britain. Born into a family of actors, Terry began performing as a child, acting in Shakespeare plays in London, and toured throughout the British provinces in her teens.

At 16 she married the 46-year-old artist George Frederic Watts, but they separated within a year. She soon returned to the stage but began a relationship with the architect Edward William Godwin and retired from the stage for six years. She resumed acting in 1874 and was immediately acclaimed for her portrayal of roles in Shakespeare and other classics.

In 1878 she joined Henry Irving’s company as his leading lady, and for more than the next two decades she was considered the leading Shakespearean and comic actress in Britain. Two of her most famous roles were Portia in The Merchant of Venice and Beatrice in Much Ado About Nothing. She and Irving also toured with great success in America and Britain.

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Photogravure of English actress, Ellen Terry (1847-1928) as Marguerite in Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Faust, Act III, Scene I, 1887 via

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Photogravure of English actress, Ellen Terry (1847-1928) as Portia in William Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of Venice, Act IV, Scene I., 1887 via