Amazing Portraits of Writers and Artists by Gisèle Freund

Gisèle Freund (1908  – 2000) was a German-born French photographer and photojournalist, famous for her documentary photography and portraits of writers and artists. Her best-known book is Photographie et société (1974) about the uses and abuses of the photographic medium in the age of technological reproduction. In 1977, she became President of the French Association of Photographers, and in 1981, she took the official portrait of French President François Mitterrand.

She was made Officier des Arts et Lettres in 1982 and Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur, the highest decoration in France, in 1983. In 1991, she became the first photographer to be honored with a retrospective at the Musée National d’art Moderne in Paris (Centre Georges Pompidou).

Freund’s major contributions to photography include using the Leica (with its 36 frames) for documentary reportage and her early experimentation with Kodachrome and 35 mm Agfacolor, which allowed her to develop a “uniquely candid portraiture style” that distinguishes her in 20th century photography.

She is buried at the Montparnasse Cemetery in Paris, France near her home and studio at 12 rue Lalande.

Anouk_Aimee_1962

Anouk Aimée by Gisèle Freund, 1962 via

colette-theredlist

Colette by Gisèle Freund, 1954 via

friday-by-gisele-02

Frida Kahlo by Gisèle Freund via

Simone_de_Bauvoir_the_day_of_the_Prix_Goncourt_next_to_a_window_writing_Paris_1952

Simone de Beauvoir by Gisèle Freund (The day of the Prix Goncourt, next to a window writing), Paris, 1954 via

Zsazsa_Gabor_1953

Zsa Zsa Gabor, 1953 via

evita-pern-reportage-for-life-magazine-1950-gisle-freund-1394143477_b

Evita Perón, doing her hair (Reportage for Life magazine, 1950) © Gisèle Freund via

Self_Portrait_of_Gisele_Freund

Gisèle Freund, Self-Portrait via

Marlene Dietrich in New York by Cecil Beaton (1937)

Cecil Beaton came to New York in 1928. Through personal connections he gained access to some of Hollywood’s biggest stars–including Marlene Dietrich (source).

042-marlene-dietrich-theredlist

Portrait of Marlene Dietrich in New York by Cecil Beaton, 1937 via

041-marlene-dietrich-theredlist

Portrait of Marlene Dietrich in New York by Cecil Beaton, 1937 via

Female Portrait Photographs by Carl Van Vechten

Carl Van Vechten (1880 – 1964) was an American writer and artistic photographer who was a patron of the Harlem Renaissance and the literary executor of Gertrude Stein.

In the 1930s, Van Vechten began taking portrait photographs.

Among the many individuals he photographed were Josephine Baker, Tallulah Bankhead, Theda Bara, Harry Belafonte, Leonard Bernstein,  Karen Blixen, Jane Bowles, Marlon Brando, Truman Capote, Marc Chagall, Salvador Dalí, Ella Fitzgerald, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Dizzy Gillespie, Martha Graham, Billie Holiday, Lena Horne, Horst P. Horst, Mahalia Jackson, Frida Kahlo, Eartha Kitt, Henri Matisse, W. Somerset Maugham, Elsa Maxwell, Henry Miller, Joan Miró, Laurence Olivier, Christopher Plummer, Diego Rivera, Gertrude Stein, James Stewart, Alfred Stieglitz, Gloria Vanderbilt, Gore Vidal, Evelyn Waugh, Orson Welles and Anna May Wong.

 kahlo

Frida wearing a Tchuantepee gourd by Carl Van Vechten, 1932 via

tallulah

Tallulah Bankhead by Carl Van Vechten, 1934 via

Anna_May_Wong_2

 Anna May Wong by Carl Van Vechten, 1935 via

baker

Josephine Baker by Carl Van Vechten via

Gertrude_Stein_1935-01-04

Gertrude Stein by Carl Van Vechten, 1935 via

VanVechtenLillianGish91937

Lillian Gish by Carl Van Vechten, 1937 via

VanVechtenCarlThedaBara11939

Theda Bara by Carl Van Vechten, 1939 via

Blixen3b41298u

Karen Blixen by Carl Van Vechten, 1959 via

Frida Kahlo Photographed by Toni Frissell (1937)

Toni Frissell (1907 – 1988) was an American photographer, known for her fashion photography, World War II photographs, and portraits of famous Americans and Europeans, children, and women from all walks of life.

Her initial job, as a fashion photographer for Vogue in 1931, was due to Condé Montrose Nast personally. She later took photographs for Harper’s Bazaar. Her fashion photos, even of evening gowns and such, were often notable for their outdoor settings, emphasizing active women.

In the 1950s, she took informal portraits of the famous and powerful in the United States and Europe.

In later work she concentrated on photographing women from all walks of life, often as a commentary on the human condition.

The pictures of Frida Kahlo where taken during a Vogue Magazine photo shoot in 1937 entitled “Señoras of Mexico”, while Frissell was a staff photographer.

Toni_Frissell_-_Frida_Kahlo,_seated_next_to_an_agave

Frida Kahlo seated next to an agave plant in 1937. For Vogue by Toni Frissell via

FridaKahlo_ToniFrissell_(c)FrissellCollection

Frida Kahlo standing next to an agave plant in 1937. For Vogue by Toni Frissell via