Jean Seberg by Philippe Halsman via
Gisèle Freund (1908 – 2000) was a German-born French photographer and photojournalist, famous for her documentary photography and portraits of writers and artists. Her best-known book is Photographie et société (1974) about the uses and abuses of the photographic medium in the age of technological reproduction. In 1977, she became President of the French Association of Photographers, and in 1981, she took the official portrait of French President François Mitterrand.
She was made Officier des Arts et Lettres in 1982 and Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur, the highest decoration in France, in 1983. In 1991, she became the first photographer to be honored with a retrospective at the Musée National d’art Moderne in Paris (Centre Georges Pompidou).
Freund’s major contributions to photography include using the Leica (with its 36 frames) for documentary reportage and her early experimentation with Kodachrome and 35 mm Agfacolor, which allowed her to develop a “uniquely candid portraiture style” that distinguishes her in 20th century photography.
She is buried at the Montparnasse Cemetery in Paris, France near her home and studio at 12 rue Lalande.
Anouk Aimée by Gisèle Freund, 1962 via
Colette by Gisèle Freund, 1954 via
Frida Kahlo by Gisèle Freund via
Simone de Beauvoir by Gisèle Freund (The day of the Prix Goncourt, next to a window writing), Paris, 1954 via
Zsa Zsa Gabor, 1953 via
Evita Perón, doing her hair (Reportage for Life magazine, 1950) © Gisèle Freund via
Gisèle Freund, Self-Portrait via
Carl Van Vechten (1880 – 1964) was an American writer and artistic photographer who was a patron of the Harlem Renaissance and the literary executor of Gertrude Stein.
In the 1930s, Van Vechten began taking portrait photographs.
Among the many individuals he photographed were Josephine Baker, Tallulah Bankhead, Theda Bara, Harry Belafonte, Leonard Bernstein, Karen Blixen, Jane Bowles, Marlon Brando, Truman Capote, Marc Chagall, Salvador Dalí, Ella Fitzgerald, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Dizzy Gillespie, Martha Graham, Billie Holiday, Lena Horne, Horst P. Horst, Mahalia Jackson, Frida Kahlo, Eartha Kitt, Henri Matisse, W. Somerset Maugham, Elsa Maxwell, Henry Miller, Joan Miró, Laurence Olivier, Christopher Plummer, Diego Rivera, Gertrude Stein, James Stewart, Alfred Stieglitz, Gloria Vanderbilt, Gore Vidal, Evelyn Waugh, Orson Welles and Anna May Wong.
Frida wearing a Tchuantepee gourd by Carl Van Vechten, 1932 via
Tallulah Bankhead by Carl Van Vechten, 1934 via
Anna May Wong by Carl Van Vechten, 1935 via
Josephine Baker by Carl Van Vechten via
Gertrude Stein by Carl Van Vechten, 1935 via
Lillian Gish by Carl Van Vechten, 1937 via
Theda Bara by Carl Van Vechten, 1939 via
Karen Blixen by Carl Van Vechten, 1959 via
Toni Frissell (1907 – 1988) was an American photographer, known for her fashion photography, World War II photographs, and portraits of famous Americans and Europeans, children, and women from all walks of life.
Her initial job, as a fashion photographer for Vogue in 1931, was due to Condé Montrose Nast personally. She later took photographs for Harper’s Bazaar. Her fashion photos, even of evening gowns and such, were often notable for their outdoor settings, emphasizing active women.
In the 1950s, she took informal portraits of the famous and powerful in the United States and Europe.
In later work she concentrated on photographing women from all walks of life, often as a commentary on the human condition.
The pictures of Frida Kahlo where taken during a Vogue Magazine photo shoot in 1937 entitled “Señoras of Mexico”, while Frissell was a staff photographer.
Frida Kahlo seated next to an agave plant in 1937. For Vogue by Toni Frissell via
Frida Kahlo standing next to an agave plant in 1937. For Vogue by Toni Frissell via